聖詩：Sing Hallelujah to the Lord
出埃及記 第36章 [現代中文譯本修訂版]
建造上主的聖幕 （ 出 26:1-37 ）
1. 夠了(6): 不必再為聖幕奉獻
2. 所有(1): 所有…的人，都要按照上主的吩咐。
3. 不會也ok 只要有順服願做的心(2): 所有…願意協助工作的人。
4. 知道（以上帝為）標準(5): 超過了上主吩咐。
6. 聖經的經文為何要鉅細靡遺? 是要有神聖性、材質、要做紀錄，也似乎是為了讓後來的人，可以再製作。
12. 聖幕的形狀是什麼樣呢? 有沒有人按比例製作模型、或者複製出來?
16. 抬、用火…等都有規矩(神聖性的要求，例如: 約櫃)
13. 無知: 悖逆。經過教育而成長
14. 人民一定要從反抗爭扎中，得到衝撞，才成為生命中珍貴的一部分: 從失去中得到。
1. 從害怕轉為平安: 聖殿是人民甘心樂意的奉獻vs 金牛是人民出於害怕而鑄造
3. 教會是否應該將每年所得奉獻歸零vs合理化的保留: 看積聚為祝福?(因為你的財寶在哪裡，你的心也在哪裡。馬太福音6:21)
1. 領袖要: 活出所信，成為榜樣。
Exodus 36 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)
1 Bezalel and Oholiab and every skillful one to whom the Lord has given skill and understanding to know how to do any work in the construction of the sanctuary shall work in accordance with all that the Lord has commanded.
2 Moses then called Bezalel and Oholiab and every skillful one to whom the Lord had given skill, everyone whose heart was stirred to come to do the work; 3 and they received from Moses all the freewill offerings that the Israelites had brought for doing the work on the sanctuary. They still kept bringing him freewill offerings every morning, 4 so that all the artisans who were doing every sort of task on the sanctuary came, each from the task being performed, 5 and said to Moses, “The people are bringing much more than enough for doing the work that the Lord has commanded us to do.” 6 So Moses gave command, and word was proclaimed throughout the camp: “No man or woman is to make anything else as an offering for the sanctuary.” So the people were restrained from bringing; 7 for what they had already brought was more than enough to do all the work.
Construction of the Tabernacle
8 All those with skill among the workers made the tabernacle with ten curtains; they were made of fine twisted linen, and blue, purple, and crimson yarns, with cherubim skillfully worked into them. 9 The length of each curtain was twenty-eight cubits, and the width of each curtain four cubits; all the curtains were of the same size.
10 He joined five curtains to one another, and the other five curtains he joined to one another. 11 He made loops of blue on the edge of the outermost curtain of the first set; likewise he made them on the edge of the outermost curtain of the second set; 12 he made fifty loops on the one curtain, and he made fifty loops on the edge of the curtain that was in the second set; the loops were opposite one another. 13 And he made fifty clasps of gold, and joined the curtains one to the other with clasps; so the tabernacle was one whole.
14 He also made curtains of goats’ hair for a tent over the tabernacle; he made eleven curtains. 15 The length of each curtain was thirty cubits, and the width of each curtain four cubits; the eleven curtains were of the same size. 16 He joined five curtains by themselves, and six curtains by themselves. 17 He made fifty loops on the edge of the outermost curtain of the one set, and fifty loops on the edge of the other connecting curtain. 18 He made fifty clasps of bronze to join the tent together so that it might be one whole. 19 And he made for the tent a covering of tanned rams’ skins and an outer covering of fine leather.[a]
20 Then he made the upright frames for the tabernacle of acacia wood. 21 Ten cubits was the length of a frame, and a cubit and a half the width of each frame. 22 Each frame had two pegs for fitting together; he did this for all the frames of the tabernacle. 23 The frames for the tabernacle he made in this way: twenty frames for the south side; 24 and he made forty bases of silver under the twenty frames, two bases under the first frame for its two pegs, and two bases under the next frame for its two pegs. 25 For the second side of the tabernacle, on the north side, he made twenty frames 26 and their forty bases of silver, two bases under the first frame and two bases under the next frame. 27 For the rear of the tabernacle westward he made six frames. 28 He made two frames for corners of the tabernacle in the rear. 29 They were separate beneath, but joined at the top, at the first ring; he made two of them in this way, for the two corners. 30 There were eight frames with their bases of silver: sixteen bases, under every frame two bases.
31 He made bars of acacia wood, five for the frames of the one side of the tabernacle, 32 and five bars for the frames of the other side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the frames of the tabernacle at the rear westward. 33 He made the middle bar to pass through from end to end halfway up the frames. 34 And he overlaid the frames with gold, and made rings of gold for them to hold the bars, and overlaid the bars with gold.
35 He made the curtain of blue, purple, and crimson yarns, and fine twisted linen, with cherubim skillfully worked into it. 36 For it he made four pillars of acacia, and overlaid them with gold; their hooks were of gold, and he cast for them four bases of silver. 37 He also made a screen for the entrance to the tent, of blue, purple, and crimson yarns, and fine twisted linen, embroidered with needlework; 38 and its five pillars with their hooks. He overlaid their capitals and their bases with gold, but their five bases were of bronze.
1. What have you observed in Exodus 36?
In the passage there were too many freewill offerings, so much so that Moses had to tell them to stop giving. The Lord gives skills, talents, and gifts to the people in order to accomplish the work – for example, the skills are not limited to construction or carpentry, but hearts were stirred and the weaving of thread to cloth/curtain. Everyone is gifted but with different skills.The steps given were very detailed, with repeating sections, for example: twisted lines/colors. In the freewill giving, the people did not consider possessions their own. God made tabernacle through wise and skilled persons, at verse 10, “he” is used in the NRSV, but the implication is not that an individual person accomplished the work but a collective group.
2. What might the tabernacle symbolize in the liberation journey of the Israelite?
The Israelites can know their identity in the tabernacle. In Egypt, when God called the Hebrews out, he did not just tell them to leave, but specifically said “that leave they may go worship me”. The freewill offerings are symbols of freedom. When they had worked in Egypt, the building of palaces and sacred temples/places of worship were done through enslavement, but now the building of the tabernacle the place of worship for the YHWH God was done from a place of freedom. The tabernacle was also amongst the people, at their center—so that when they are with God they are also free. The tabernacle represents God’s house, where God meets us, which is also our home, a tent, just like that the Hebrew people are living in. Once upon a time, they could only worship YHWH in their hearts (in Egypt) but now they have a place they can worship too, a representation of home.
3. From making molten calf to building tabernacle, what internal changes (psychological, mindset, spiritual...) might have happened within the Israelite?
Before: they made an image, an idol. After: no idol, a tabernacle with a seeming invisible God that gives them freedom to imagine. Making the calf is simple-one sculpture, but the tabernacle is very detailed and complex with layers, upon layers, and a progressive course of faith representing coming closer and closer to the center, closeness with God. The tabernacle also represents a sense of ownership, participation through collectively working on the tabernacle, and an opportunity to celebrate their work and contributions. When they look at the tabernacle they can see their happy work and be reminded of God.
The movement of the tabernacle, as a tent, is free-er, the cloth, the moving flaps or walls are freer flowing than a solid gold calf. God is everywhere not just where the idol is. The tent/tabernacle, wandering with the people. God is with you, in a tent, and while the speed of wandering in the desert is slow, it represents a patience. God’s house is the same as my house—emmanuel god with us.
4. As a church leader, how do you minister to your congregation so that they may be willing to participate in building up a sacred space?
We can by showing them the answers we have from questions 1-3. It is important for us to make sure congregations have ownership in the church community and allow people to serve with their gifts. Everyone has a role to play, and the responsibilities should not all fall upon a pastor or leader. Everyone brings what is needed to make this home, and they themselves are needed as well. By including more people in the process, it will take longer, so we have to be patient and prepared for things to take longer and create space for offerings and serving, space and time for people to be stirred by God. Individual shave many different precious talents and things to contribute, and we must help them to find their gifts.
We must also encourage the people who do feel that their service or gifts are good enough to let them know that they are needed, good, and helpful. We must also acknowledge the work that is done quietly, not only that on the stage that is visible. Cooking and cleaning are necessary jobs but are often done without any acknowledgement to its necessity. Church members will also observe the example set by leadership. If a senior leader is ordering around younger leaders and does not work with them in a collaborative way, the congregation will notice and will fall into this way of working as well. Particularly in Korea, the issue of hierarchy can get in the way of teamwork, older pastors must set an example through their attitude.